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CDU APA Referencing: Journal articles, conference papers, theses, newspaper articles

A guide to help you better understand CDU APA 7th Referencing

Citation Elements

Journal article

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year). Title of article. Journal Title, volume number(issue number), page range. OR URL

Newspaper article

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year, Month Day). Article title: Subtitle. Newspaper Title. URL


  • If the article is from a CDU Library database and does NOT have a DOI, do NOT include a URL
  • If accessed through a search engine like Google, include a URL
  • If missing information (e.g. volume number, page numbers) omit that information from reference
  • When a journal article has an Article Number, use Article Number instead of page range


Reference Examples

EndNote Reference Type: Journal article


In-text citation: (Birbilis, 2018) OR Birbilis (2018)

Birbilis, J. (2018). When psychology and politics commingle. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 74(5), 730-733.

EndNote Reference Type: Journal article


In-text citation: (Levenson, 2017) OR Levenson (2017)

Levenson, J. (2017). Trauma-informed social work practice. Social Work, 62(2), 105–113.

Applies to articles from: Cochrane; Joanna Briggs Institute; Nursing Reference Center Plus; UpToDate

EndNote Reference Type: Journal article


In-text citation: (Walsh et al., 2019) OR Walsh et al. (2019)

Walsh, A., Perrem, L., Khashan, A. S., Henry, M. T., & Ni Chroinin, M. (2019). Statins versus placebo for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

In-text citation: (Nguyen, 2017) OR Nguyen (2017)

Nguyen, D. H. (2017). Wound packing: Clinical information. Joanna Briggs Institute, Evidence Summary, Article JBI241.

In-text citation: (Pilgrim & Oji, 2018) OR Pilgrim and Oji (2018)

Pilgrim, J., & Oji, O. (2018). Pulmonary disease, chronic obstructive (COPD): Smoking cessation. Nursing Reference Center Plus, Evidence-Based Care Sheet.

In-text citation: (Bordeaux & Lieberman, 2020) OR Bordeaux and Lieberman (2020)

Bordeaux, B., & Lieberman, H. R. (2020). Benefits and risks of caffeine and caffeinated beverages. UpToDate. Retrieved February 26, 2020, from

EndNote Reference Type: Journal article


In-text citation: (Bailey & Shaw, 2020) OR Bailey and Shaw (2020)

Bailey, I. B., & Shaw, P. M. (2020). Abdominal aorta repair. StatPearls. Retrieved May 4, 2022 from

EndNote Reference Type: Journal article


In-text citation: (Laskowski et al., 2020) OR Laskowski et al. (2020)

Laskowski, M., Schioler, L., Gustafsson, H., Wennberg, A.-M., Aberg, M., & Toren, K. (2021). Cardiorespiratory fitness in late adolescence and long-term risk of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis among Swedish men. PLOS ONE 16(1), Article e0243348.

EndNote Reference Type: Journal article


In-text citation: (Piaget, 1970/1972) OR Piaget (1970/1972)

Piaget, J. (1972). Intellectual evolution from adolescence to adulthood (J. Bliss & H. Furth, Trans.). Human Development, 15(1), 1-12. (Original work published 1970)

Reference list layout:  

Author, A. A. (Year). Article title (Translator initial. Family name, Trans.). Journal Title, volume(issue), page numbers. DOI if available (Original work published year)

Note: for the in-text citation include first the original publish date and then the translated version publish date

EndNote Reference Type: Journal article


In-text citation: (Eckert & Biermann-Ratjen, 2020) OR Eckert and Biermann-Ratjen (2020)

Eckert, J., & Biermann-Ratjen, E.-M. (2020). Gesprächspsychotherapie in PatientInnen mit einer Borderline-Persönlichkeitsstörung [Person-centred psychotherapy with patients with a broderie personality disorder]. Psychotherapie Forum, 24, 108-114.

Reference list layout: Author, A. A. (Year). Article title [English title]. Journal Title, volume(issue), page numbers. DOI if available

EndNote Reference Type: Newspaper article

In-text citation: Parnell (2018) OR (Parnell, 2018)

Parnell, S. (2018, October 11). Health risk with early obesity. The Australian.

In-text citation: "Australian Special Forces" (2018) OR ("Australian Special Forces", 2018)

Australian special forces soldiers could be prosecuted under rarely-used war crime laws. (2020, December 11). Herald Sun.


  • If a newspaper article is from a CDU Library database and does NOT have a DOI, do NOT include a URL.
  • See p. 24 for an example of information from a news website
  • If your article does not have an author, use the first few words of article title in quotation marks. In the in-text citation all main words have a capital letter

EndNote Reference Type: Journal article


In-text citation: Chau (2019) OR (Chau, 2019)

Chau, H. S. (2019). Producing (im)mobilities in home care for the elderly. International Journal of Ageing and Later Life, 13(2), 23-50.

Note: Reference as per the original resource type. If the lecturer has cited a book, cite as a book; if they have cited an article, cite as an article.

EndNote Reference Type: Conference paper


In-text citation: Garces (2017) OR (Garces, 2017)

Garces, E. (2017, July 23). Regulation of digital and intangible assets [Paper presentation]. ACCC/AER Regulatory Conference, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.[1]us/conferences-events/accc-aer-regulatory-conference

EndNote Reference Type: Journal article

In-text citation: Chen (2019) OR (Chen, 2019)

Chen, T. (2019). Effective and efficient representation learning for graph structures [Doctoral thesis, University of California Los Angeles]. University of California.

In-text citation: Taiyeb (2019) OR (Taiyeb, 2019)

Taiyeb, A. (2019). Understanding external policy influences in Pakistani higher education (Publication No. 27539824) [Doctoral thesis, University of Toronto]. ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Global

Note: If a thesis was accessed through a search engine like Google, include a URL. If accessed through a database such as Proquest, don't include a URL.

EndNote Reference Type: Thesis

Article before peer review: Not yet accepted for publication

In-text citation: Lippincott and Poindexter (2019) OR (Lippincott & Poindexter, 2019)

Lippincott, T., & Poindexter, E. K. (2019). Emotion recognition as a function of facial cues: Implications for practice [Manuscript submitted for publication]. Department of Psychology, University of Washington.

In press: Accepted & peer-reviewed but not yet published

In-text citation: Pachur and Scheibehenne (in press) OR (Pachur & Scheibehenne, in press)

Pachur, T., & Scheibehenne, B. (in press). Unpacking buyer-seller differences in valuation from experience: A cognitive modelling approach. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review

Note: It is recommended to use the published version of a paper if it is available.

EndNote Reference Type: Journal article


In-text citation: Lee (2019) OR (Lee, 2019)

Lee, C. (2019, October 1). The APA style blog of the future. American Psychological Association.[1]blog

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