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Physiotherapy Guide: Evidence Based Practice

This guide helps Physiotherapy students find useful library resources and information to assist with your studies and research

What is EBM?

Steps to EBP

  1. Ask a question
    Converting the need for information (about prevention, diagnosis, prognosis, therapy, causation, etc) into an answerable question

  2. Search and find information/evidence to answer question
    Tracking down the best evidence with which to answer that question 

  3. Critically appraise the information/evidence
    Critically appraising that evidence for its validity (closeness to the truth), impact (size of the effect), and applicability (usefulness in our clinical practice) 

  4. Implement and integrate appraised evidence with own clinical expertise and patient’s preferences
    Integrating the critical appraisal with our clinical expertise and with our patient's unique biology, values and circumstances 

  5. Evaluate
    Evaluating our effectiveness and efficiency in executing Steps 1-4 and seeking ways to improve them both for next time 

Evidence-based medicine : how to practice and teach it EBM. - 3rd ed. / Sharon E. Strauss ... [et al.]. - Edinburgh ; New York : Elsevier/Churchill Livingstone, 2005.

This should be an ongoing process in clinical practice.

Also see:

EBP Images

EBP Tutorials

Answering Clinical Questions - Tutorials provided by the University of Western Australia on:

  • How to formulate a clinical question
  • How to find the best evidence
  • How to appraise the evidence
  • How to apply the evidence

Duke University (US) EBM Tutorial - An excellent, clearly set-out tutorial that:

  • Defines EBM
  • Identifies the parts of a well built clinical question
  • Identifies EBM searching strategies to improve MEDLINE retrieval
  • Identifies issues that determine the validity of the results of a study

University of Sydney Library Tutorial - This tutorial aims to clarify the process of searching for reliable medical evidence in four stages:

  • Analysing information needs and developing answerable questions
  • Selecting the most appropriate evidence and data source
  • Formulating an effective strategy
  • Practical database searching session


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Books about EBP

Fast Facts for Evidence-Based Practice

Fast facts for evidence-based practice implementing EBP in a nutshell

Using a short, reader-friendly format, this book covers the basics of nursing research and the essentials of how to implement Evidence Based Practice (EBP). It includes coverage of quantitative and qualitative research approaches, defining the 'compelling question', finding and critiquing the evidence, and disseminating the research.

How to Read a Paper: The Basics of Evidence-Based Medicine

How to Read a Paper: The Basics of Evidence-Based Medicine

The book provides the tools to find and evaluate the literature, and implement the findings in an evidence-based, patient-centered way. Written for anyone in the health care professions who has little or no knowledge of evidence-based medicine, it provides a clear understanding of the concepts and how to put them into practice at the basic, clinical level.

Research Methods in Health

Research methods in health: Foundations for evidence-based practice

Introductory text that shows students different research techniques and how they are of value to all health professions. The text assumes no prior knowledge and is written in an appealing, accessible style using examples to demonstrate the relevance and practical application of research to health care practice, drawing sensible links between evidence-based practice and research methodology. 

Beginner's Guide To Evidence-Based Practice In Health And Social Care

Beginner's Guide To Evidence-Based Practice In Health And Social Care

This is the book for anyone who has ever wondered what evidence based practice is or how to relate it to practice.

Evidence-Based Public Health

Evidence-Based Public Health

There are at least three ways in which a public health program or policy may not reach stated goals for success. This book deals not only with finding and using scientific evidence, but also with implementation and evaluation of interventions that generate new evidence on effectiveness.

Translation of Evidence into Nursing and Health Care Practice

Translation of Evidence into Nursing and Health Care Practice: Application to Nursing and Health Care

Translation of Evidence into Nursing Practice helps graduate students in Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) courses meet the core competency requirements, content, and knowledge of the DNP curriculum. This revolutionary guide focuses particularly on the challenges of translating evidence into practice, one of the DNP course competencies.

Evidence, policy and practice

Evidence, policy and practice: Critical perspectives in health and social care

This edited book provides a hard-hitting and deliberately provocative overview of the relationship between evidence, policy and practice, how policy is implemented and how research can and should influence the policy process. It critiques the notion of 'evidence-based practice', suggesting instead a more inclusive idea of 'knowledge-base practice', based in part on the lived experience of service users. It will be of interest to everyone in health and social care policy, practice and research.

Research for Evidence-Based Practice in Healthcare

Research for Evidence-Based Practice in Healthcare

This is an essential, accessible introduction to the practicalities of research and evidence-based practice aimed a broad health care audience. It places research and evidence in the context of clinical practice, introduces the main methodological approaches in qualitative and quantitative research, and describes the processes of research appraisal, dissemination and implementation.

Evidence-based medicine

Evidence-based medicine: How to practice and teach it

Evidence Based Medicine provides a clear explanation of the central questions: how to ask answerable clinical questions; how to translate them into effective searches for the best evidence; how to critically appraise that evidence for its validity and importance; and how to integrate it with patients' values and preferences.

Research Essentials

Research Essentials: Foundations for evidence-based practice

Research Essentials provides an engaging and user-friendly introduction to research within the health sciences. With valuable information for nursing students, nurses in clinical practice, and nurses in leadership positions, Research Essentials: Foundations for Evidence-Based Practice helps nurses acquire essential skills for today's dynamic health-care environment.

Evidence-Based Practice Across the Health Professions

Evidence-Based Practice Across the Health Professions

Provides health professions students with the basic knowledge and skills necessary to become evidence-based clinicians, helping to demystify the practice of finding and using evidence to inform decision-making across a range of professions and roles within the healthcare sector. This book will provide the reader with the basic knowledge and skills necessary to be an evidence-based clinician and to understand the implications of evidence-based practice (EBP) in the overall healthcare environment. 

Evidence-Based Practice

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