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PTS Guide: Referencing

The aim of the Preparation for Tertiary Success or PTS libguide is to provide support to you throughout your personal learning journey.

CDU Harvard

CDU Harvard Referencing Style Guide (February 2021)

What does Harvard style look like?

CDU Harvard Sample Essay


CDU Library develops the CDU Harvard Referencing Style Guide and provides guidance on its use.

The Harvard Style is an author-date style.  There is no definitive guide or standard to Harvard referencing and you may come across many different styles or ways of using the Harvard or author-date system. 

We update the guide every year so check the date to make sure you have the latest edition. If you believe you have found an error or wish to clarify how to reference an item contact us via

If you are using EndNote make sure you download the cdu_harvard_2021 style


CDU Harvard mini videos

Referencing at University

What referencing style do I need?

In-text Referencing Examples

In-text Referencing

In-text referencing is when you acknowledge someone's idea in the actual text of your assignment. It can be done by either a direct quote or paraphrasing. CDU Harvard referencing requires you to include the author surname, date & page number when direct quoting or paraphrasing a specific section of a text.

Example 1:  direct quote from a print book with one author

Mikolaj (2005, p.47) states that "Simply being exposed to a traumatic event is not enough to trigger Post Traumatic Stress Disorder".

Example 2: paraphrasing (putting into your own words) an idea from a journal article found in a database written by two authors.

As in many countries, consumers in Australia have recently had to accommodate increases in the costs of basic food (Webb & Leeder 2007, p. 7).

Example 3: paraphrasing an idea from a print book with two authors.

There are many ways in which petrol price increases are dealt with by consumers (White & Perrone 1997).


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